Use of automatic refractometer infrared images to screen pigment dispersion syndrome: a cross-sectional observational study from a preliminary hypothesis
Medical Hypothesis, Discovery & Innovation in Optometry,
Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020),
31 August 2020
AbstractBackground: This study was performed to evaluate the use of anterior segment images, obtained with an automatic refractometer, to identify early defects of the iris pigment epithelium in patients with pigment dispersion syndrome (PDS) or pigmentary glaucoma (PG) without observable alterations at the slit lamp.
Methods: In this cross-sectional observational study, carried out from January 2018 to December 2019, in Policlinico Citta di Udine Health Center, Udine, Italy, we observed anterior segment infrared images of 1700 subjects who were undergoing routine ophthalmological examination using an automatic refractometer. We selected infrared images of subjects who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria and looked for a focal defect in the iris pigment epithelium.
Results: Twenty patients with focal iris pigment epithelial defect were identified and none of them showed evident signs of PDS. After the necessary explanations, they agreed to have further examinations to verify the possibility of PDS. An in-depth evaluation of ocular structures, including gonioscopy, demonstrated the presence of PDS in all subjects with iris defects.
Conclusions: The use of infrared images obtained by an automatic refractometer could provide early and easy identification of PDS in crowded ophthalmology clinics or mass screening programs; yet, more well-designed studies are necessary to confirm these preliminary findings and prove this proposed screening tool.
- pigment-dispersion syndrome
- pigmentary glaucoma
- automatic refractometer
- Intraocular pressure
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