Juxtapapillary Retinal Capillary Hemangioma: New Therapeutic Strategies

Andrea Saitta, Michele Nicolai, Alfonso Giovannini, Cesare Mariotti

Medical hypothesis discovery and innovation in ophthalmology, Vol. 3 No. 3 (2014), 1 September 2014 , Page 71-75

The treatment of juxtapapillary retinal capillary hemangiomas (JRCHs) is still a therapeutic dilemma without established guidelines. Because of the location of these hemangiomas on or adjacent to the optic nerve, treatment is difficult and complex, especially when JRCHs are located in the papillomacular bundle. This manuscript reviews the clinically relevant data on literature regarding the treatment of JRCHs, focusing on novel combined therapies that have shown promising results in these lesions.

Punctate Inner Choroidopathy: A Systematic Review

Joana Campos, António Campos, Sílvia Mendes, Arminda Neves, Diana Beselga, JP Castro Sousa

Medical hypothesis discovery and innovation in ophthalmology, Vol. 3 No. 3 (2014), 1 September 2014 , Page 76-82

This article reviews clinically relevant data regarding punctate inner choroidopathy, mainly the various treatment options. Punctate inner choroidopathy is an uncommon, inflammatory, multifocal chorioretinopathy affecting mostly young myopic women. It is characterized by the presence of multiple, small, well-defined, yellow-white fundus lesions, in the absence of intraocular inflammation. We describe etiology, clinical findings and ancillary tests that help in the diagnosis and detection of complications. Treatment options that have been used to manage patients with PIC and CNV include immunosuppressants, corticoids, laser photocoagulation, photodynamic therapy, intravitreal anti-VEGF agents and submacular surgery.

Physiology and Psychology of Vision and Its Disorders: A Review

Marilita M Moschos

Medical hypothesis discovery and innovation in ophthalmology, Vol. 3 No. 3 (2014), 1 September 2014 , Page 83-90

The purpose of this review is to bring together to the physiology and psychology of vision and to analyze, based on our own data and on the available literature, the relationship between sight loss and individual reactions. As recent treatments for depression are often effective and have few side-effects, ophthalmologists should consider referral for treatment of depression in patients suffering from vision impairment. For this reason, vision rehabilitation should be more readily available and recommended

Eyes with Large Disc Cupping and Normal Intraocular Pressure: Using Optical Coherence Tomography to Discriminate Those With and Without Glaucoma

Tiago S. Prata, Syril Dorairaj, Luisa Trancoso, Fabio N. Kanadani, Luis G. Biteli, Rafael Furlanetto, Flavio S. Lopes, Mauro T. Leite

Medical hypothesis discovery and innovation in ophthalmology, Vol. 3 No. 3 (2014), 1 September 2014 , Page 91-98

We evaluated the ability of spectral-domain optic coherence tomography (SD-OCT) to differentiate large physiological optic disc cupping (LPC) from glaucomatous cupping in eyes with intraocular pressure (IOP) within the normal range.  We prospectively enrolled patients with glaucoma or presumed LPC. Participants  had optic discs with confirmed or suspected glaucomatous damage (defined as a vertical cup-to-disc ratio≥0.6), and all eyes had known untreated IOP<21 mmHg. For glaucomatous eyes, a reproducible glaucomatous visual field (VF) defect was required. LPC eyes required normal VF and no evidence of progressive glaucomatous neuropathy (follow-up≥30 months). Peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) and macular ganglion cell complex (GCC) thicknesses were obtained using SD-OCT. For all studied parameters of pRNFL and GCC thicknesses, eyes with glaucoma (n=36) had significantly thinner values compared to eyes with LPC (n=71; P<0.05 for all comparisons). In addition, pRNFL parameters had sensitivity of 66.7% and specificity of 83.1%, and GCC parameters had sensitivity of 61.2% and specificity of 81.7%. The combination of the two analyses increased the sensitivity to 80.6%. In conclusion, while evaluating patients with large optic disc cupping and IOP in the statistically normal range, SD-OCT had only limited diagnostic ability to differentiate those with and without glaucoma. Although the diagnostic ability of the pRNFL and the GCC scans were similar, these parameters yielded an increase in sensitivity when combined, suggesting that both parameters could be considered simultaneously in these cases.