Biometric changes after vitrectomy with silicone oil tamponade
Medical hypothesis, discovery & innovation in optometry,
Vol. 2 No. 2 (2021),
21 November 2021
AbstractBackground: The Lenstar LS 900 (Haag-Streit AG, Koeniz, Switzerland) is an optical biometer, and its measurements are highly repeatable and precise in cataractous eyes. This study investigated changes in biometric parameters, including axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), lens thickness (LT), vitreous cavity depth (VD), and central corneal thickness (CCT) before and after three-port 23-Gauge pars plana vitrectomy with silicone oil tamponade.
Methods: This was a prospective follow-up study. Patients who were scheduled for surgery underwent a detailed slit-lamp examination and objective cycloplegic refraction preoperatively. In eligible cases, the Lenstar LS 900 was used to measure biometric parameters. At the 1-month postoperative follow-up, we repeated the same assessments for the silicone oil (SO)-filled eyes. Data were analyzed to assess the significance of changes and to test the possible correlation of values between the two time points.
Results: Twenty-three patients with a mean ± SD age of 60 ± 12 years completed the study. Postoperatively, we found a significant increase in AL and a decrease in ACD and CCT (all P < 0.05), with no significant changes in LT and VD. A significant correlation was found for ACD, CCT, and cylinder values between the two time points (all P < 0.05). Postoperatively, the spherical and cylindrical components of refraction demonstrated a hyperopic shift, but did not change statistically significantly.
Conclusions: The Lenstar LS 900 underestimated the ACD and overestimated the AL in SO-filled eyes when comparing pre- and postoperative values, in phakic as well as pseudophakic eyes. In planning for cataract surgery in this group of patients, it is more reasonable to calculate IOL power based on the biometric data of the fellow eye, although this may not eliminate possible errors. Further studies with a larger sample size, longer follow-up, and robust study design are necessary to confirm our preliminary results.
- corneal thickness
- anterior chamber depth
- lens thickness
- silicone oil tamponade
- vitreous cavity
- axial length
- eye surgery
- Lenstar LS 900
- silicone oil
- Abstract Viewed: 33 times
- Full Text PDF Downloaded: 0 times