Persistent Symblepharon in an Infant Following Epidemic Keratoconjunctivitis
Medical hypothesis discovery and innovation in ophthalmology,
Vol. 5 No. 3 (2016),
1 September 2016
AbstractEpidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC), caused by certain species D human adenoviruses (Ads), is a highly contagious severe disease involving both the conjunctiva and cornea. The hallmark of this disease is the subepithelial infiltration of leukocytes, which results in corneal opacities that may persist for months or even years. In this case, of a 6-month-old infant, we report a symblepharon formation, a relatively rare outcome of EKC. In this condition, the palpebral conjunctiva adheres tightly to the bulbar conjunctiva of the eyeball. Our report is the first documentation of a symblepharon formation in an infant. Only two similar cases have been reported to date; therefore, a detailed description is of considerable interest to ophthalmologists. This is particularly interesting since a previous publication has associated symblepharon formation with an adenovirus infection, which is not usually involved in EKC. The development of a symblepharon following EKC is rare in infants. Since topical treatment cannot be applied due to severe eyelid edema, oral steroid therapy can be administered with pediatric consultation and meticulous monitoring.Â
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