Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori Infection in Patients with Central Serous Chorioretinopathy: A Review

Masood BAGHERI, Zahra RASHE, Mohammad Hosein AHOOR, Mohammad Hosein SOMI

Abstract


Helicobacter pylori is a prevalent cause of gastrointestinal infections. Recently, several studies have shown a relationship between H. pylori infection and a variety of extradigestive manifestations. The aim of this study was to review the literature regarding the prevalence of this infection in cases of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSR). We reviewed the EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar search engines; hand-searched many journals; and searched the cited references in published articles for relevant studies. We assessed 81 studies for eligibility. Finally, nine articles that met the inclusion criteria were included. The relationship between H. pylori infection (as the etiologic factor) and chorioretinal involvement was assessed by the effect size with 95% confidence interval (CI). Both fixed- and random-effects models showed that the prevalence of H. pylori infection in patients with CSR was significantly higher than in the control group (2.5-fold and 2.7-fold higher, respectively; P < 0.01). The results were not significantly different between the two models. Treatment of H. pylori infection should be considered in patients with CSR. However, additional randomized controlled clinical trials are required to determine the possible role of H. pylori eradication in the prognosis and treatment of patients with CSR.


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