Lung Cancer and Eye Metastases

Sofia Lampaki, Ioannis Kioumis, Georgia Pitsiou, George Lazaridi, Konstantinos Syrigos, Georgia Trakada, Stylianos Kakolyris, Konstantinos Zarogoulidis, Ioannis Mpoukovinas, Aggeliki Rapti, Paul Zarogoulidis

Medical hypothesis discovery and innovation in ophthalmology, Vol. 3 No. 2 (2014), 1 June 2014 , Page 40-44

It has been observed that lung cancer either non-small cell or small cell is responsible for eye metastases. This form of metastases in several cases was the first manifestation of the disease and further investigation led to the diagnosis of the underlying malignancy. Both types of lung cancer are equally responsible for this demonstration. Furthermore; both chemotherapy and tyrosine kinase inhibitors have shown equal positive results in treating the exophalmos manifestation. Up to date information will be presented in our current work.

An Overview of Nd:YAG Laser Capsulotomy

Eyyup Karahan, Duygu Er, Suleyman Kaynak

Medical hypothesis discovery and innovation in ophthalmology, Vol. 3 No. 2 (2014), 1 June 2014 , Page 45-50

Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy is accepted as standard treatment for posterior capsule opacification (PCO). Although, Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy is a noninvasive and safe treatment it carries risk of some complications. Using less total energy and performing smaller capsulotomies are effective choices to decrease complications after Nd:YAG capsulotomy.

An Overview of Rare and Unusual Clinical Features of Bietti Crystalline Dystrophy

Ali Osman Saatci, Hasan Can Doruk

Medical hypothesis discovery and innovation in ophthalmology, Vol. 3 No. 2 (2014), 1 June 2014 , Page 51-56

Bietti crystalline dystrophy (BCD) is a rare disease presenting with the appearance of intraretinal crystalline deposits and varying degrees of chorioretinal atrophy commencing at the posterior pole. Within time, intraretinal crystals gradually disappear and chorioretinal atrophy extends beyond the macula even resulting in complete chorioretinal atrophy. Concomitant corneal crystals can be noted in 1/2 - 1/3 of the patients, and the presence of corneal crystals is not a must for establishing the diagnosis. For the past decade, genetic evaluations and newer imaging modalities expand our knowledge about the disease. CYP4V2 gene is found to be the gene responsible for the disease process and new mutations are still being described. Modern imaging modalities, such as a spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) shed light on the anatomic features of the disease. By this, we reiterate the rare and unusual clinical features of BCD.

Omental Transposition in Treatment of Severe Ocular Surface Alkaline Burn: An Experimental Study

Athar Shadmani, Kourosh Kazemi, Mohammad Reza Khalili, Masoomeh Eghtedari

Medical hypothesis discovery and innovation in ophthalmology, Vol. 3 No. 2 (2014), 1 June 2014 , Page 57-61

Since alkaline substances can rapidly penetrate into the cornea and subsequently damage limbal stem cells, another source of stem cells may be necessary to reconstruct the ocular surface. Omentum has some such characteristics like ability to regenerate tissue as well as anti-inflammatory capacity. Presence of adult stem cells and pluripotent embryonic cell markers make it suitable in wound healing; therefore, it seems reasonable to evaluate whether omentum can be helpful to restoration of ocular surface in severe alkaline burn. In this experimental trial, two groups of dogs (5 in each) were assigned. Following ethics approval, ocular surface alkaline burn was induced in both groups by placing filter papers soaked with NaOH (0.5 mol/l) on the cornea of one eye. Subsequently, group 1 (n=5) was treated only by conventional therapy; group 2 (n=5) was treated with omental elongation and transposition to the injured eye immediately following injury. Both groups were followed for six months. Ocular surface was evaluated by slit lamp microscope and corneal clarity was assessed and graded. At the end of six months, corneal opacity and vascularization were significantly reduced in group 2 (p-values of 0.009, 0.049, and 0.032 for corneal opacity, fluorescein staining, and vascularization grades, respectively). We have concluded that transposition of omental pedicle may be an effective treatment for severe ocular surface alkaline burn although more studies might be required.