Electroretinogram changes before and after silicone oil removal in eyes with macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment
Medical hypothesis, discovery & innovation in optometry,
Vol. 3 No. 3 (2022),
30 December 2022
AbstractBackground: Pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with silicone oil (SO) injection for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) repair may adversely affect electroretinographic responses. This study was aimed at assessing retinal function using electrodiagnostic testing after successful PPV with SO tamponade in the eyes with macula-off RRD.
Methods: In this interventional comparative study, eligible participants were recruited prospectively over 1 year. We included the eyes that underwent a single successful three-port PPV with SO tamponade for the primary repair of macula-off RRD. Full-field electroretinogram (ffERG) and multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) were recorded 1 day before and 3 days after SO removal. The amplitude and implicit time of the a- and b-waves for ffERG and P1 and N1 waves for mfERG were evaluated. The unaffected fellow eyes of the patients were selected as controls.
Results: We included the ten eyes of ten patients (seven men and three women) with a mean (standard deviation) age of 58.8 (6.2) years. The mean (SD) interval between the diagnoses of macula-off RRD and PPV was 11.7 (3.6) days. The mean (SD) duration of SO tamponade was 147.8 (34.9) days. Using ffERG, significantly lower a- and b-wave amplitudes were found in the eyes before and after SO removal or compared to the unaffected fellow eyes (all P < 0.05). Using the mfERG, treated eyes had significantly lower P1 amplitudes in the central R1+R2+R3 rings and in the R4 and-R5 peripheral rings of the macular area in the eyes before and after SO removal or compared to the unaffected fellow eyes (all P < 0.05). The wave implicit time in ffERG and mfERG did not differ significantly in the eyes before and after SO removal or compared to the unaffected fellow eyes (all P > 0.05).
Conclusions: The electrical retinal response density in ERG waveforms increased following SO removal, indicating amelioration of the electrical activity of the retina and macula. These results indicate that the adverse effects of SO tamponade on electroretinography responses may be reversible with removal. In addition, ffERG and mfERG can be used to monitor retinal function in the eyes with macula-off RRD and SO tamponade. Further clinical trials are required to verify the preliminary findings of this study.
- multifocal ERG
- retinal detachments
- silicone oil
- macula luteas
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