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Acetazolamide and Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy; a Preliminary Tested Hypothesis in a TertiaryReferral Center

Gholamreza Khataminia, Farshad Ostadian, Mohammad Noroozzadeh, Mahmoud Latifi, Masoud Khataminia


This study evaluated the effect of acetazolamide on thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). Patients with a VISA classification index equal to or more than four were enrolled in the study and were randomly assigned into two groups. In both groups, treatment was initiated using prednisolone. Patients in the case group received acetazolamide tablets 250 mg daily in addition to prednisolone. Three months later, the VISA inflammatory score of patients in both groups were determined. Subsequent to intervention with acetazolamide, the VISA inflammatory score of patients in the case group were reduced as follows; orbital pain (57.1% versus 41.7%, P=0.736), eyelid edema (42.8% versus 27.1%, P=0.67), chemosis (53.3% versus 33%, P=0.31), injection of the eyelids (60% versus 41.6%, P=0.342), and conjunctival injection (50% versus 46.13%, P=0.73). However, these reductions were not statistically significant when compared with those observed in the control group (P=0.246). In conclusion, the effect of acetazolamide on all the parameters of the VISA inflammatory score was examined independently. All patients in the case group revealed a reduction in VISA inflammatory score following intervention. However, these reductions were not statistically significant. Further studies with large sample sizes are required.


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