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Comparison of Corneal Epithelial Thickness Map Measured by Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography in Healthy, Subclinical and Early Keratoconus Subjects



The aim of this study was to compare epithelial thickness map obtained by Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (SD-OCT) of eyes with myopic astigmatism but without keratoconus, subclinical and early keratoconus. Sixty-three eyes divided into three groups; myopic astigmatism without keratoconus, subclinical and early keratoconus. Corneal epithelial thickness map was obtained by SD-OCT for all patients and compared between the 3 groups. Mean epithelial thickness in the area of minimum corneal epithelial thickness, in the one eighth part of the inferior (I) and in the one eighth part of the temporal (T) were 56.64±2.82 µm, 59.00±3.24 µm and 60.40±4.93 µm respectively in subclinical group. Three parameters on epithelial maps obtained by SD-OCT was significantly different in the 2 groups: I and T corneal epithelial thickness map was thicker in subclinical keratoconus (P<0.02 and P<0.02 respectively). Epithelial map uniformity indices were different between the groups, as Superior-I, Superonasal-Inferotemporal were lower (P<0.00 and P< 0.01 respectively) but T-nasal was higher in the subclinical group (P<0.02). The area with minimum epithelial thickness had a significantly lower amount in early keratoconus group compared to the other two groups (P<0.00). In conclusion, corneal epithelial thickness map provided early detection of keratoconus in the subclinical stage with compensatory epithelial thickening of inferior and temporal one eighth compared to total corneal thickness and changes in epithelial map uniformity indices cause early detection of subclinical keratoconus from normal cornea.


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