Cover Image

Eyelid Cosmetic Enhancements and Their Associated Ocular Adverse Effects

Maliha MASUD, Majid MOSHIRFAR, Tirth J. SHAH, Aaron T. GOMEZ, Michele R. AVILA, Yasmyne C. RONQUILLO

Abstract


Numerous cosmetic enhancements and augmentations to the natural appearance of the periorbital area are readily available today. Due to the increasing popularity of these cosmetic procedures, it is important for ophthalmologists to be aware of their potential risks, complications and adverse effects. The aim of this literature review was to introduce some of the most common ocular cosmetic enhancements and provide a comprehensive overview of their associated adverse effects reported in various medical journals. PubMed, Embase, and Google Scholar were used to identify articles related to the following ocular cosmetic procedures; eyelash extensions, permanent eyelid tattooing, and eyelash dyeing. The most common complication associated with eyelash extensions was allergic blepharitis (79%). Allergic granulomatous reactions were the predominant complication in patients who underwent eyelid tattooing (56%). Besides, 60% of subjects who underwent eyelash dyeing experienced allergic contact dermatitis as the most common adverse effect. Although millions of these procedures are performed annually without any adverse effects, reports of complications continue to increase in the literature. Knowledge of the possible adverse effects associated with these enhancements is important for eye care providers and licensed estheticians to be aware of given both the direct and indirect effects they may have on ocular health and visual outcomes.


References


Wetzel CL. Permanent cosmetics. Plast Surg Nurs. 2012;32(3):117-9. doi: 10.1097/PSN.0b013e31826929c6 pmid: 22929199

Abah ER, Oladigbolu KK, Rafindadi AL, Audu O. Eyelash extension use among female students in a Tertiary Institution in Nigeria: A study of kaduna polytechnic, Kaduna. Niger J Clin Pract. 2017;20(12):1639-43. doi: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_124_17 pmid: 29379000

Vagefi MR, Dragan L, Hughes SM, Klippenstein KA, Seiff SR, Woog JJ. Adverse reactions to permanent eyeliner tattoo. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006;22(1):48-51. pmid: 16418666

De M, Marshak H, Uzcategui N, Chang E. Full-thickness eyelid penetration during cosmetic blepharopigmentation causing eye injury. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2008;7(1):35-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1473-2165.2008.00340.x pmid: 18254809

Lee YB, Kim JJ, Hyon JY, Wee WR, Shin YJ. Eyelid Tattooing Induces Meibomian Gland Loss and Tear Film Instability. Cornea. 2015;34(7):750-5. doi: 10.1097/ICO.0000000000000452 pmid: 25933400

Ali L, Foulds JS, Abdul Ghaffar S. Severe eyelid allergic contact dermatitis secondary to eyelash tint: two case reports. Contact Dermatitis. 2017;77(1):59-60. doi: 10.1111/cod.12749 pmid: 28612445

Kaiserman I. Severe allergic blepharoconjunctivitis induced by a dye for eyelashes and eyebrows. Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2003;11(2):149-51. pmid: 14533035

Pas-Wyroslak A, Wiszniewska M, Krecisz B, Swierczynska-Machura D, Palczynski C, Walusiak-Skorupa J. Contact blepharoconjunctivitis due to black henna--a case report. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2012;25(2):196-9. doi: 10.2478/S13382-012-0019-5 pmid: 22492286

Koffuor G, Kyei S, Gyanfosu L, Afari C. Effect of the Working Environment on Oculo-Visual Health of Some Sand and Stone Miners in Ghana. J Environ Occup Sci. 2012;1(2):83. doi: 10.5455/jeos.20120719050427

Amano Y, Sugimoto Y, Sugita M. Ocular disorders due to eyelash extensions. Cornea. 2012;31(2):121-5. doi: 10.1097/ICO.0b013e31821eea10 pmid: 22134404

Kim YJ, Chung JK. Bilateral Eyelid Contact Dermatitis and Toxic Conjunctivitis due to Acrylate-Containing Glue. Ann Dermatol. 2014;26(4):543-4. doi: 10.5021/ad.2014.26.4.543 pmid: 25143696

Dahlin J, Hindsen M, Persson C, Isaksson M. What lash stylists and dermatologists should know! Contact Dermatitis. 2016;75(5):317-9. doi: 10.1111/cod.12566 pmid: 27709704

Shanmugam S, Wilkinson M. Allergic contact dermatitis caused by a cyanoacrylate-containing false eyelash glue. Contact Dermatitis. 2012;67(5):309-10. doi: 10.1111/cod.12000 pmid: 23039005

Ullrich K, Saha N. Semipermanent eyelash extensions causing bacterial keratitis: a case report. Can J Ophthalmol. 2013;48(3):e50-1. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjo.2012.12.010 pmid: 23769794

Simons KB, Payne CM, Heyde RR. Blepharopigmentation: histopathologic observations and X-ray microanalysis. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 1988;4(1):57-62. doi: 10.1097/00002341-198801130-00009 pmid: 3154718

Calzado L, Gamo R, Pinedo F, Vicente FJ, Naz E, Gomez-de la Fuente E, et al. Granulomatous dermatitis due to blepharopigmentation. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2008;22(2):235-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-3083.2007.02291.x pmid: 18211419

Moshirfar M, Espandar L, Kurz C, Mamalis N. Inadvertent pigmentation of the limbus during cosmetic blepharopigmentation. Cornea. 2009;28(6):712-3. doi: 10.1097/ICO.0b013e318190737b pmid: 19512894

Mselle J. The role of eyelash dyes in allergic eye diseases. Trop Doct. 2004;34(4):235-6. doi: 10.1177/004947550403400419 pmid: 15510955

Rodin FH. Eyelash Dyeing: Some Severe Eye and Systemic Symptoms Resulting Therefrom. Cal West Med. 1934;40(5):372-4. pmid: 18742866

Vogel TA, Coenraads PJ, Schuttelaar ML. Allergic contact dermatitis presenting as severe and persistent blepharoconjunctivitis and centrofacial oedema after dyeing of eyelashes. Contact Dermatitis. 2014;71(5):304-6. doi: 10.1111/cod.12272 pmid: 25345792

Wachsmuth R, Wilkinson M. Loss of eyelashes after use of a tinting mascara containing PPD. Contact Dermatitis. 2006;54(3):169-70. doi: 10.1111/j.0105-1873.2005.0739b.x pmid: 16524441

Awan MA, Lockington D, Ramaesh K. Severe allergic blepharoconjunctivitis after eyelash colouring. Eye (Lond). 2010;24(1):200-1. doi: 10.1038/eye.2009.50 pmid: 19300467

Gallardo MJ, Randleman JB, Price KM, Johnson DA, Acosta S, Grossniklaus HE, et al. Ocular argyrosis after long-term self-application of eyelash tint. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006;141(1):198-200. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2005.07.054 pmid: 16387002

Kind F, Scherer K, Bircher AJ. Contact dermatitis to para-phenylenediamine in hair dye following sensitization to black henna tattoos - an ongoing problem. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges. 2012;10(8):572-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1610-0387.2011.07882.x pmid: 22299643

Teixeira M, de Wachter L, Ronsyn E, Goossens A. Contact allergy to para-phenylenediamine in a permanent eyelash dye. Contact Dermatitis. 2006;55(2):92-4. doi: 10.1111/j.0105-1873.2006.00883.x pmid: 16930233

Hansson C, Thorneby-Andersson K. Allergic contact dermatitis from 2-chloro-p-phenylenediamine in a cream dye for eyelashes and eyebrows. Contact Dermatitis. 2001;45(4):235-6. pmid: 11683837

Schwarze HP, Giordano-Labadie F, Loche F, Gorguet MB, Bazex J. Delayed-hypersensitivity granulomatous reaction induced by blepharopigmentation with aluminum-silicate. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2000;42(5 Pt 2):888-91. doi: 10.1016/s0190-9622(00)90264-0 pmid: 10767697

Lu CW, Liu XF, Zhou DD, Kong YJ, Qi XF, Liu TT, et al. Bilateral diffuse lamellar keratitis triggered by permanent eyeliner tattoo treatment: A case report. Exp Ther Med. 2017;14(1):283-5. doi: 10.3892/etm.2017.4506 pmid: 28672926


Full Text: Free Full Text PDF

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.