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Review of En-Face Choroidal Imaging Using Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

Mahsa A. Sohrab, Amani A. Fawzi

Abstract


Investigations of choroidal vasculature have been of particular interest given choroidal vascular dysfunction are thought to be related with a number pathologic conditions such as central serous chorioretinopathy and various forms of AMD, including polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy. On the other hand, en face imaging of the choroid allows an exceptional alternative to histopathologic evaluation of the choroid, and can be used to quantify choroidal vascular structures. Our former study verified differences in the macular choroid in AMD and control patients previously noted on histopathologic studies. The use of phase-resolved approaches in larger population longitudinal studies reveal the sequence of RPE and choroidal changes in the pathogenesis of various AMD subtypes, which cannot be done using histopathology. Issues with lateral resolution of the OCT system in measuring choriocapillaris size could be solved by incorporating the axial dimension of the choriocapillaris into choriocapilaris diameter assessment (assuming the choriocapillaris are round in vivo), and by correcting for anisometric pixel resolution. Forthcoming studies are required to determine whether areas of choriocapillaris correlate with areas of RPD lesions.


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